Lumpy skin disease,
Nepal
Information received on 29/07/2020 from Dr Banshi Sharma, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kathmandu, Nepal
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 24/06/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 27/07/2020
Report date 29/07/2020
Date submitted to OIE 29/07/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Lumpy skin disease virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (29/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (05/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (12/08/2020)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 Sundarharaicha-11, Belepur, Jhorahat, sunderharaicha, Katahari and Birattnagar 10 , Morang, Koshi
Date of start of the outbreak 24/06/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 3000 500 12 0 0
Affected population Jersey crossbred,Holstein Friesian crossbred and Local cattle of various age group(4 months to 8 years old) have been severely affected within one week period of time
Outbreak 2 Rapti municipality, Ratnanagar and Khairahani-2, Rapti municipality 3,4,7,8,9 , Ratnanagar and kharahani, Chitwon, Narayani
Date of start of the outbreak 08/07/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 5000 700 0 0 0
Affected population Jersey crossbred cattle of various age group are affected
Outbreak 3 Chandrapur 9, Chandrapur 9, Rautahat, Narayani
Date of start of the outbreak 19/07/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 400 20 0 0 0
Affected population Jersey crossbred cattle of various age group( 4-6 years old) have been affected
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 8400 1220 12 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 14.52% 0.14% 0.98% 0.14%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Supportive therapy and preventive measures applied: antipyretics, antihistaminics and Broad spectrum antibiotics, fly repellent ointments.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations