Rabies,
France
Information received on 03/08/2020 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, Paris, France
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 2 (Final report)
Date of start of the event 01/02/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 13/02/2020
Report date 03/08/2020
Date submitted to OIE 03/08/2020
Date event resolved 03/02/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 05/2015
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rabies virus
Serotype RABV
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (14/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (06/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (03/08/2020)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Introduction of new live animals
Epidemiological comments The holder declared to have picked it up, in Spain, along the AP7 motorway, near Valencia, in the vicinity of Castellon de la Plana, on 9 December 2019. Before this date, the origin of the dog remains unknown . The typing of the virus, carried out by partial sequencing of the nucleoprotein and polymerase genes, is consistent and shows that it is a lyssavirus of the rabies virus species, type Africa 1, a virus that does not circulate neither in France nor in Europe, but in northern Africa, the dog being the primary host. According to the analysis of the partial sequence (800b) of the nucleoprotein gene, the most probable origin is Morocco. The nucleotide sequences obtained are particularly close to those of viruses isolated in northern Morocco in an area going from Al Hoceima to Ifrane and including the cities of Sidi Kacem, Tazaa and Taounate. The epidemiological investigation has shown that there has been no contact between the sick dog and other susceptible animals during the period at risk of viral shedding. No other cases were identified. France is considered yet again free from rabies.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Zoning
  • Quarantine
  • Screening
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Institute Pasteur, Paris (National laboratory) Dogs real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 13/02/2020 Positive
Institute Pasteur, Paris (National laboratory) Dogs virus isolation 13/02/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.