Anthrax,
Italy
Information received on 12/08/2020 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 22/07/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 31/07/2020
Report date 12/08/2020
Date submitted to OIE 12/08/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 08/07/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (12/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (03/09/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (ANTH_2_NA_2020) Agerola, NAPOLI, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 22/07/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 6
Goats 87 3 3
Affected population All animals present on the holding as well as all animals on farms adjacent to the outbreak will undergo prophylactic vaccination. Prohibition of movement of animals both in and out.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 6 **
Goats 87 3 3
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle ** ** ** **
Goats 3.45% 3.45% 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Puglia and Basilicata - Foggia (National laboratory) Goats bacteriological examination 31/07/2020 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Puglia and Basilicata - Foggia (National laboratory) Goats reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 31/07/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations