Lumpy skin disease,
Nepal
Information received on 12/08/2020 from Dr Banshi Sharma, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kathmandu, Nepal
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 2
Date of start of the event 24/06/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 27/07/2020
Report date 12/08/2020
Date submitted to OIE 12/08/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Lumpy skin disease virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (29/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (05/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (12/08/2020)
New outbreaks (4)
Outbreak 1 Pokhara municipality-11,13,25, Annapurna Rural Municipality-3, Pokhara municipality and Annapurna Rural municipality, Kaski, Gandaki
Date of start of the outbreak 24/07/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 105 12 0 0 0
Buffaloes 160 4 0 0 0
Affected population Jersey, Holstein Friesian crossbred and local cattle and Murrah buffalo of various(3.5 to 8 years old) age groups
Outbreak 2 Vyas municipality-11, Vyas municipality, Tanahu, Gandaki
Date of start of the outbreak 24/07/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 50 1 0 0 0
Affected population local cattle of 4 years old
Outbreak 3 Budanilkantha municipality-6, Budanilkantha-6, Kathmandu, Bagmati
Date of start of the outbreak 05/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 65 1 0 0 0
Affected population Jersey crossbred cattle of 2 years old
Outbreak 4 Panauti-9, Panauti-9, Kavrepalanchowk, Bagmati
Date of start of the outbreak 07/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Buffaloes 12 1 0 0 0
Affected population Murrah buffalo of 3 years old
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 220 14 0 0 0
Buffaloes 172 5 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 6.36% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Buffaloes 2.91% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Supportive therapy and preventive measures applied: antipyretics, antihistaminics and Broad spectrum antibiotics, fly repellent ointments.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Buffaloes real-time PCR 09/08/2020 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 09/08/2020 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 09/08/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations