Foot and mouth disease,
Malawi
Information received on 15/08/2020 from Dr Patrick Chikungwa, Director of Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development, Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation an Water Development, LILONGWE, Malawi
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 07/08/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 14/08/2020
Report date 15/08/2020
Date submitted to OIE 15/08/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 20/07/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (15/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (28/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (18/09/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Kasokeza, Maperera Dip tank, Chikwawa, Southern
Date of start of the outbreak 07/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 13419 71 0 0 0
Affected population A small holder farming system where communal grazing and watering is done.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 13419 71 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.53% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
  • Fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.)
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments This is an FMD endemic zone and sometimes the animals graze or are moved to areas where Buffaloes graze during the drug months. also there are some illegal movement along the border with neighboring country. Six blood sampled were taken and NSp ELISA was conducted and they all came positive. Two tissue samples were also taken for further analysis (Typing) in Botswana.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Disinfection
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle antibody detection ELISA 14/08/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations