African horse sickness,
Thailand
Information received on 21/08/2020 from Dr Sorravis Thaneto, Director General, Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, BANGKOK, Thailand
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 21
Date of start of the event 24/02/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 27/03/2020
Report date 21/08/2020
Date submitted to OIE 21/08/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent African horse sickness virus
Serotype 1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (27/03/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (03/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (10/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (17/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 4 (24/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 5 (01/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 6 (08/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 7 (15/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 8 (22/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 9 (29/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 10 (05/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 11 (12/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 12 (19/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 13 (26/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 14 (03/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 15 (10/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 16 (17/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 17 (24/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 18 (31/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 19 (07/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 20 (14/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 21 (21/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 22 (28/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 23 (04/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 24 (11/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 25 (18/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 26 (25/09/2020)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The Department of Livestock Development (DLD) updated the latest situation of the African Horse Sickness (AHS) outbreak in Thailand in English language on “Thailand Today”, a national television broadcast program (NBT World channel), on 2 June 2020 at 9 P.M. Eighteen samples (equine blood and serum) were sent to Laboratorio Central de Veterinaria, Madrid (Spain) for checking serotype on the 14th May 2020 and the results were positive for African Horse Sickness (AHS) disease and all eighteen samples were diagnosed as serotype 1 of AHS virus. Those samples were sent by the Department of Livestock Development (DLD, competent authority of veterinary service in Thailand). Regarding the public private partnership (PPP), three common goals could be achieved through its creation: eradication o this disease in Thailand, control measures on zebra and recovery of AHS free status from the OIE. The strong collaboration from universities, government sectors, and private sectors are essential for setting up the national eradication plan under the order of National Committee for AHS Management which is approved by Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. In addition, to manage clearly AHS risk factors, the Department of Livestock Development has also assigned subcommittees including Technical Subcommittee, AHS control in Zebra Subcommittee, and Vector Control and Research Subcommittee. 14 July 2020 Signing Ceremony of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) - African Horse Sickness Eradication / Public Private Partnership (PPP) The Department of Livestock Development and network partners, a total of 17 agencies jointly signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to eradication African Horse Sickness in Thailand. Network agencies consists of the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, Department of Local Administration, The Zoological Park Organization of Thailand, Public Relations Department, Department of Animal Husbandry, His Royal Highness's Horse 29th Cavalry Battalion, Queen's Guard, The Thai Red Cross Society, Equestrian Sports Association of Thailand, Thai Horse Racing Association, Polo Equestrian Association of Thailand. There are 15 provinces where the outbreaks of AHS are resolved: Chaiyaphum, Sa Kaeo, Ratchaburi. Chonburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Lop Buri, Nakhon Nayok, Nakhon Ratchasima, Phetchaburi, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Saraburi, Chachoengsao, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani and Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (Bangkok).
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Ang Thong Equidae 87
    Buri Ram Equidae 60
    Chachoengsao Equidae 261
    Chon Buri Equidae 721
    Kanchanaburi Equidae 545
    Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (Bangkok) Equidae 732
    Lop Buri Equidae 212
    Nakhon Nayok Equidae 250
    Nakhon Pathom Equidae 210
    Nakhon Ratchasima Equidae 1651
    Nakhon Sawan Equidae 81
    Nonthaburi Equidae 156
    Pathum Thani Equidae 248
    Phetchaburi Equidae 1091
    Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Equidae 203
    Prachin Buri Equidae 136
    Prachuap Khiri Khan Equidae 401
    Ratchaburi Equidae 839
    Rayong Equidae 136
    Sa Kaeo Equidae 101
    Samut Prakan Equidae 246
    Saraburi Equidae 596
    Sing Buri Equidae 39
    Suphan Buri Equidae 10
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Control of vectors
  • Vector surveillance
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.