Foot and mouth disease,
Information received on 28/08/2020 from Dr Patrick Chikungwa, Director of Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development, Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation an Water Development, LILONGWE, Malawi
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 07/08/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 14/08/2020
Report date 28/08/2020
Date submitted to OIE 28/08/2020
Date event resolved 17/11/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 20/07/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (15/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (28/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (18/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (28/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 4 (17/11/2020)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
  • Fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.)
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments This is an FMD endemic zone and sometimes the animals graze or are moved to areas where Buffaloes graze during the drug months. also there are some illegal movement along the border with neighboring country. Six blood sampled were taken and NSp ELISA was conducted and they all came positive. Two tissue samples were also taken for further analysis (Typing) in Botswana. As the dry season approaches movement of animals for pasture and water increase down to the Shire river which increases contact of animals from different sources. restricting movement is intensified in the area and disinfection point put in place to avoid vehicles doing construction carrying the infection to other area. Additional 59 cattle new infections in the same area have been recorded this week.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Chikwawa Cattle 14978 Trivalent vaccine (SAT1, SAT2 and SAT3)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Disinfection
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.