Bluetongue,
Romania
Information received on 03/09/2020 from Dr Robert Viorel Chioveanu, President, Secretary of State, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 21/08/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 02/09/2020
Report date 03/09/2020
Date submitted to OIE 03/09/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 04/01/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (03/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (04/09/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Turcesti, Vilcea
Date of start of the outbreak 21/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 241 1
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 241 1
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep 0.41% ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments On 02.09.2020, a singular case of Bluetongue was confirmed on clinical suspicion in an ovine animal (male), out of 241 animals from a non-professional holding (backyard) in Turcesti, Valcea county. There were tested 63 animals (60 ovine animals and 3 bovine animals) and the infection was confirmed by the Real Time RT-PCR test in only one animal. Disease confirmed at Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health, the National Reference Laboratory. Serotype is not identified yet, the results are pending.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Zoning
  • Disinfestation
  • Control of vectors
  • Vector surveillance
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (National laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 02/09/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations