Lumpy skin disease,
Chinese Taipei
Information received on 14/09/2020 from Dr Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 3
Date of start of the event 08/07/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 10/07/2020
Report date 14/09/2020
Date submitted to OIE 14/09/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Lumpy skin disease virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/07/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (06/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (03/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (14/09/2020)
New outbreaks (14)
Outbreak 1 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-21) Jinhu Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 10/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 6 2 0 5 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-21
Outbreak 2 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-22) Jinhu Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 10/08/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (10/08/2020)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2 1 0 2 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-22
Outbreak 3 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-23) Jinhu Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 12/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 17 3 0 3 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-23
Outbreak 4 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-24) Jinhu Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 12/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 21 2 0 3 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-24
Outbreak 5 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-25) Jinsha Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 12/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 15 1 0 2 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-25
Outbreak 6 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-26) Jincheng Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 13/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 33 1 0 1 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-26
Outbreak 7 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-27) Jincheng Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 13/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 5 1 0 1 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-27
Outbreak 8 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-28) Jincheng Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 13/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 46 1 0 1 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-28
Outbreak 9 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-30) Jincheng Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 13/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 11 2 0 4 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-30
Outbreak 10 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-31) Jinhu Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 13/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 39 6 0 7 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-31
Outbreak 11 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-33) Jinhu Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 15/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 26 1 0 1 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-33
Outbreak 12 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-29) Jinning Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 15/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 4 1 0 1 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-29
Outbreak 13 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-34) Jinning Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 18/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 14 1 0 1 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-34
Outbreak 14 (LSD-2020-Kinmen-32) Jinning Township, Kinmen County
Date of start of the outbreak 18/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 10 1 0 1 0
Affected population LSD-2020-Kinmen-32
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 14
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 249 24 0 33 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 9.64% 0.00% 0.00% 13.25%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Samples from Kinmen County were sent to the National Laboratory, Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI) for diagnosis. LSD was confirmed by AHRI. The infected farms and surrounding farms within 3 km radius of the infected farms have been placed under movement restriction. All infected cattle have been culled. All of cattle population in Kimmen County has been vaccinated after the first outbreak.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Disinfestation
  • Control of vectors
  • Vector surveillance
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 18/08/2020 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 19/08/2020 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 20/08/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations