Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
Singapore
Information received on 25/09/2020 from Dr Him Hoo Yap, Chief Veterinary Officer, Director General, Animal & Veterinary Service, National Parks Board, Singapore, Singapore
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 24/08/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 16/09/2020
Report date 25/09/2020
Date submitted to OIE 25/09/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus
Serotype RHDV2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (17/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (25/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (09/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (28/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 4 (05/11/2020)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Epidemiological investigations and follow-ups on suspect cases are ongoing, and surviving pet rabbits are under supportive treatment and close monitoring. As at 25 Sep 2020, no new cases or deaths due to RHD have been detected. Advisories have been issued to stakeholders, including pet owners, pet establishments, rabbit interests groups and veterinarians, to put in place strict biosecurity protocols to minimise the risk of disease transmission between rabbits from different households and to report any suspect cases to the Animal & Veterinary Services.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal and Plant Health Centre (National laboratory) Rabbits gene sequencing 16/09/2020 Positive
Animal and Plant Health Centre (National laboratory) Rabbits histopathological examination 01/09/2020 Positive
Animal and Plant Health Centre (National laboratory) Rabbits reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/09/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.