Rabies,
Malaysia
Information received on 07/10/2020 from Dr Dato'Dr Norlizan Mohd Noor, Deputy Director General, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry, Putrajaya, Malaysia
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 67
Date of start of the event 04/07/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 08/07/2017
Report date 07/10/2020
Date submitted to OIE 07/10/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 18/09/2015
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rabies virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (18/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (30/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (03/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 4 (20/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 6 (12/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 7 (19/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 8 (30/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 9 (16/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 10 (02/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 11 (14/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 12 (23/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 13 (30/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 14 (08/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 15 (18/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 16 (22/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 17 (23/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 18 (08/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 19 (22/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 20 (28/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 21 (04/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 22 (13/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 23 (18/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 24 (29/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 25 (03/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 26 (10/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 27 (30/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 28 (08/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 29 (23/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 30 (02/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 31 (12/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 32 (19/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 33 (07/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 34 (14/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 35 (21/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 36 (28/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 37 (29/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 38 (10/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 39 (25/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 40 (22/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 41 (22/03/2019)
Follow-up report No. 42 (05/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 43 (08/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 44 (14/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 45 (22/09/2019)
Follow-up report No. 46 (11/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 47 (20/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 48 (28/10/2019)
Follow-up report No. 49 (03/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 50 (26/11/2019)
Follow-up report No. 51 (03/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 52 (12/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 53 (18/12/2019)
Follow-up report No. 54 (20/01/2020)
Follow-up report No. 55 (24/02/2020)
Follow-up report No. 56 (13/03/2020)
Follow-up report No. 57 (15/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 58 (11/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 59 (28/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 60 (17/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 61 (29/06/2020)
Follow-up report No. 62 (10/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 63 (17/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 64 (21/08/2020)
Follow-up report No. 65 (01/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 66 (10/09/2020)
Follow-up report No. 67 (07/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 68 (27/10/2020)
New outbreaks (7)
Outbreak 1 (1645/20 R) RH KECHENDAI, KABOK SPAK, LAYAR BETONG, Betong, Betong, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 31/07/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned dog with the history of being vaccinated previously.
Outbreak 2 (1659/20 R) Bintulu, Bintulu, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 14/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was a stray dog.
Outbreak 3 (1599/20 R) LOT 1898, LORONG 6, KAMPUNG BAHAGIA, JALAN SUNGAI TEKU, Sibu, Sibu, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 23/08/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated cat.
Outbreak 4 (1734/20 R) LOT 4235, 61F JALAN TUN AHMAD ZAIDI IDRUCE, Sibu, Sibu, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 04/09/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 5 (1732/20 R) Sibu, Sibu, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 05/09/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was a stray dog.
Outbreak 6 (1733/20 R) 14E, LOT 167 JALAN TEKAM 96000 SIBU, Sibu, Sibu, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 08/09/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned and unvaccinated dog.
Outbreak 7 (1731/20 R) NO 7A, JALAN APOLLO TIMUR, Sibu, Sibu, Sarawak
Date of start of the outbreak 08/09/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population The affected animal was an owned dog and was vaccinated on 26th August 2020.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 7
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 6 6 0 6 0
Cats 1 1 0 1 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dogs 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
Cats 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments A total number of 64 areas in Sarawak have been declared as rabies-infected areas. Vaccination, surveillance, selective killing of stray dogs, public awareness activities, etc., are ongoing.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Sarawak Dogs 174820
    Cats 8609
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Sarawak Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (National laboratory) Cats direct fluorescent antibody (FAT) test 30/09/2020 Positive
Sarawak Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (National laboratory) Dogs direct fluorescent antibody (FAT) test 30/09/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations