Bluetongue,
Algeria
Information received on 26/10/2020 from Dr Ahmed Chawki El Karim Boughalem, Directeur des Services Vétérinaires, Direction des Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l’Agriculture, du Développement Rural et de la Pêche, Alger, Algeria
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 27/09/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 30/09/2020
Report date 26/10/2020
Date submitted to OIE 26/10/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 15/03/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 4
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (26/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (05/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (12/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (19/11/2020)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Mechroha, Mechroha, Mechroha, Souk Ahras
Date of start of the outbreak 27/09/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 38 0 0 0 0
Sheep 334 2 0 0 0
Affected population Affected animals showed the following clinical signs: fever, salivation, oculo-nasal discharge and tongue lesions.
Outbreak 2 Bekkaria, Bekkaria, El Kouif, Tebessa
Date of start of the outbreak 11/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Goats 50 0 0 0 0
Sheep 150 4 0 0 0
Affected population Affected animals showed the following clinical signs: fever, salivation, oculo-nasal discharge, tongue lesions and stomatitis.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 38 0 0 0 0
Sheep 484 6 0 0 0
Goats 50 0 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.00% 0.00% - 0.00%
Sheep 1.24% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Goats 0.00% 0.00% - 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Vectors
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vector surveillance
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
El Tarf Regional Veterinary Laboratory (Local laboratory) Sheep antibody detection ELISA 30/09/2020 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 22/10/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations