Lumpy skin disease,
Bhutan
Information received on 30/10/2020 from Dr Tashi Yangzome Dorji, Director, Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Thimphu, Bhutan
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 23/09/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 05/10/2020
Report date 30/10/2020
Date submitted to OIE 30/10/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Lumpy skin disease virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (7)
Outbreak cluster 1 Samtse, Samtse, Samtse, Samtse (7 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 23/09/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1239 147 3
Affected population Outbreaks in small scale backyard farms where cattle are let loose during the day for grazing. With a few cases from a government farm within the affected area.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 7
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1239 147 3
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 11.86% 0.24% 2.04% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Vectors
Epidemiological comments Symptomatic treatment - antibiotic/antipyretics and wound dressing.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Control of vectors
  • Disinfection
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vector surveillance
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 05/10/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations