Foot and mouth disease,
Namibia
Information received on 29/10/2020 from Dr Albertina Shilongo, Acting Chief Veterinary Officer, ivision of Epidemiology, Import/Export Control and Training, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 25/09/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 28/09/2020
Report date 29/10/2020
Date submitted to OIE 29/10/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 12/02/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype SAT 2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (06/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (29/10/2020)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 Katere, Ndiyona, Rundu, Kavango East
Date of start of the outbreak 23/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 43 2 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 Shighuru, Ndiyona, Rundu, Kavango East
Date of start of the outbreak 23/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2 0 0 0
Outbreak 3 Sivara, Kapako, Nkurenkuru, Kavango West
Date of start of the outbreak 27/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 31 12 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 74 16 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle ** ** 0.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Zoning
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Disinfection
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL) (National laboratory) Cattle Non-structural protein ELISA 28/09/2020 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL) (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 28/10/2020 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL) (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 02/10/2020 Positive
Botswana Vaccine Institute (BVI) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle virus isolation 28/10/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations