SARS COV 2,
Argentina
Information received on 18/11/2020 from Dra. Ximena Melón, Directora Nacional de Sanidad Animal, Servicio Nacional de Sanidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria (SENASA), Ministerio de Agricultura; Ganaderia y p¿Pesca, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 01/09/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 06/09/2020
Report date 18/11/2020
Date submitted to OIE 18/11/2020
Date event resolved 16/11/2020
Reason for notification Emerging disease
Morbidity 1 (scale 0 to 5)
Mortality 0 (scale 0 to 5)
Zoonotic impact Desconocido
Causal agent SARS-CoV-2
Serotype Other
New outbreaks (4)
Outbreak 1 (FOCO LA PLATA) LA PLATA, LA PLATA, Buenos Aires
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (16/11/2020)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 1 1 0 0 0
Affected population Feline living with a person with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID 19, analysed as part of research carried out within projects funded by the National Agency for the Promotion of Research, Technological Development and Innovation, under the aegis of the MINCyT-AGENCIA-CONICET Coronavirus Unit. This project carries out the diagnosis of pets living with people affected with COVID 19. These samples were particularly analysed by the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences of the National University of La Plata.
Outbreak 2 City of Santiago del Estero. House 2, CAPITAL, Santiago Del Estero
Date of start of the outbreak 09/10/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (16/11/2020)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 3 1 0 0 0
Affected population These samples were taken as part of research conducted within projects funded by the National Agency for the Promotion of Research, Technological Development and Innovation, under the aegis of the Coronavirus Unit of MINCyT-AGENCIA-CONICET. This project carries out the diagnosis of pets living with people affected by COVID 19. These samples were particularly analysed by the Centre for Molecular and Metabolic Analysis, the provincial reference laboratory for respiratory viruses and COVID-19 of the Ministry of Health in Santiago del Estero. Samples were taken from animals in three houses in the provincial capital where people were diagnosed positive for COVID 19. The outbreaks are not linked to each other. House 2: one dog positive to SARS-CoV-2 detection living with two other dogs.
Outbreak 3 City of Santiago del Estero. House 3, CAPITAL, Santiago Del Estero
Date of start of the outbreak 09/10/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (16/11/2020)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 1 0
Affected population These samples were taken as part of research conducted within projects funded by the National Agency for the Promotion of Research, Technological Development and Innovation, under the aegis of the Coronavirus Unit of MINCyT-AGENCIA-CONICET. This project carries out the diagnosis of pets living with people affected by COVID 19. These samples were particularly analysed by the Centre for Molecular and Metabolic Analysis, the provincial reference laboratory for respiratory viruses and COVID-19 of the Ministry of Health in Santiago del Estero. Samples were taken from animals in three houses in the provincial capital where people were diagnosed positive for COVID 19. The outbreaks are not linked to each other. House 3: one dog positive to SARS-CoV-2 detection. The positive dog of house 3 was euthanized upon decision of the owners, making it impossible to follow up this case.
Outbreak 4 (FOCO SANTIAGO) City of Santiago del Estero. House 1, CAPITAL, Santiago Del Estero
Date of start of the outbreak 09/10/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (16/11/2020)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 8 2 0 0 1
Cats 3 1 0 0 0
Affected population These samples were taken as part of research conducted within projects funded by the National Agency for the Promotion of Research, Technological Development and Innovation, under the aegis of the Coronavirus Unit of MINCyT-AGENCIA-CONICET. This project carries out the diagnosis of pets living with people affected by COVID 19. These samples were particularly analysed by the Centre for Molecular and Metabolic Analysis, the provincial reference laboratory for respiratory viruses and COVID-19 of the Ministry of Health in Santiago del Estero. Samples were taken from animals in three houses in the provincial capital where people were diagnosed positive for COVID 19. The outbreaks are not linked to each other. House 1: two dogs and one cat positive to SARS-CoV-2 detection of the eleven animals living together (eight dogs and three cats).
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 4 2 0 0 0
Dogs 12 4 0 1 1
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cats 50.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Dogs 33.33% 0.00% 0.00% 16.67%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Probable contact with a human case
Epidemiological comments Oropharyngeal and rectal swabs were taken and serum was collected. Of the seven animals tested, six were positive for SARS-CoV-2 using the qRT-PCR test for the ORF, RdRP, E and N genes using the commercial kit GeneFinder™️ COVID-19 PLUSRealAmp Kit which amplifies the genomic regions corresponding to the E, RdRP and N genes using BioRad's CFX-96 Real Time thermocycler equipment. Three animals showed symptoms: a cat from Santiago del Estero (weakening and anorexia for 12 to 24 hours), a cat from La Plata (sneezing and nasal secretions) and one of the dogs from Santiago del Estero (conjunctivitis, cough, dyspnea and weakening). The rest of the animals were asymptomatic.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Disinfection
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Centre for Molecular and Metabolic Analysis, Provincial Reference Laboratory for Respiratory Viruses and COVID-19, Ministry of Health, Santiago del Estero (Local laboratory) Cats reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 13/10/2020 Positive
Centre for Molecular and Metabolic Analysis, Provincial Reference Laboratory for Respiratory Viruses and COVID-19, Ministry of Health, Santiago del Estero (Local laboratory) Dogs reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 13/10/2020 Positive
Faculty of Veterinary Sciences of the National University of La PLata (Local laboratory) Cats reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 06/09/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations