Epizootic haemorrhagic disease,
Israel
Information received on 17/11/2020 from Dr Tamir Goshen, Acting Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Beit Dagan, Israel
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 14/10/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 08/11/2020
Report date 17/11/2020
Date submitted to OIE 17/11/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 10/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (17/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (19/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (29/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (07/12/2020)
Follow-up report No. 4 (12/12/2020)
Follow-up report No. 5 (27/12/2020)
Follow-up report No. 6 (17/01/2021)
New outbreaks (12)
Outbreak 1 (EREZ) EREZ, Ashkelon, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 14/10/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (10/11/2020)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 700 50 2
Affected population Milking herd
Outbreak 2 (BEER TOVIYYA) BEER TOVIYYA 1 (zu), Ashkelon, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 16/10/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (30/10/2020)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 600 40
Affected population Milking herd. Drop in milk.
Outbreak 3 (PAAME TASHAZ) PAAME TASHAZ, Beer-Sheva, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 22/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 60 3
Affected population Milking herd. 2 Abortions have been seen in the herd.
Outbreak 4 (MAANIT) MAANIT, Hadera, Haifa
Date of start of the outbreak 23/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 300 16 1
Affected population Milking herd..
Outbreak 5 (Aniam (BENE YEHUDA)) Aniam, Golan, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 23/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 271 2
Affected population Free ranging beef cattle
Outbreak 6 (MEVO HAMMA) MEVO HAMMA, Golan, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 24/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 800 10
Affected population Beef cattle. Positive also to BTV.
Outbreak 7 (SEDE YAAQOV) SEDE YAAQOV, Yizreel, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 24/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 4 2
Affected population Milking herd
Outbreak 8 (MAALE GAMLA) MAALE GAMLA, Golan, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 24/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 370 150 3
Affected population Free ranging beef cattle. 30 abortions were seen in the herd. It is not known if all the abortions are due to EHDV..
Outbreak 9 (UZA) UZA, Ashkelon, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 25/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 86 3
Affected population Milking herd. 3 abortions.
Outbreak 10 (MEZER) MEZER, Hadera, Haifa
Date of start of the outbreak 01/11/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1
Affected population Milking herd
Outbreak 11 (BEER TOVIYYA 2 (Go)) BEER TOVIYYA, Ashkelon, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 01/11/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (15/11/2020)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 230 55
Affected population Milking herd. 3 abortions.
Outbreak 12 (SEDE ELIYYAHU) SEDE ELIYYAHU, Yizreel, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak 02/11/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 350 1
Affected population Beef cattle
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 12
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 3767 335 7 1
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle ** ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Vectors
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle pathogen isolation by egg inoculation Pending
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle pathogen isolation on cell culture Pending
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 08/11/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations