Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
Iceland
Information received on 23/11/2020 from Dr Sigurborg Dađadóttir, Chief Veterinary Officer, Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority, Ministry of Industries and Innovation, Selfoss, Iceland
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1 (Final report)
Date of start of the event 23/03/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 30/03/2020
Report date 23/11/2020
Date submitted to OIE 23/11/2020
Date event resolved 01/06/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 2002
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus
Serotype RHDV2
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (01/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (23/11/2020)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Sudden death in a flock of feral rabbits in one area. Number of susceptible rabbits in the area is estimated to be around 140. 104 carcasses have been found, 22 rabbits have been saved and about 10-15 live rabbits are still in the area. Signs of the disease have not yet been detected in other areas. Rabbit owners have been advised to avoid the area and apply biosecurity measures in caring for their rabbits. Vaccination of domestic rabbits will be advised when vaccine will be available in the country. There has only once been an outbreak of RHD before in Iceland, it was in 2002. The serotype of the virus at that time is not known.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Laboratory of Sweden, SVA (Foreign laboratory) Rabbits polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 31/03/2020 Positive
Institute of experimental pathology at Keldur, University of Iceland (National laboratory) Rabbits histopathological examination 27/03/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.