Foot and mouth disease,
South Africa
Information received on 13/12/2020 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director , Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, PRETORIA, South Africa
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 03/09/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 02/10/2020
Report date 13/12/2020
Date submitted to OIE 13/12/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 30/04/2019
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype SAT 1
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (13/12/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (21/01/2021)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 (FMD_LIM_2020_003) FMD_LIM_2020_003, Greater Giyani, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak 03/09/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 230 3 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 (FMD_LIM_2020_002) FMD_LIM_2020_002, Greater Giyani, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak 06/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 860 11 0 0 0
Outbreak 3 (FMD_LIM_2020_001) FMD_LIM_2020_001, Greater Giyani, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak 23/10/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 507 18 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1597 32 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 2.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Agricultural Research Council - Onderstepoort Veterinary Research (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle Solid-phase competitive ELISA 02/10/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations