Fowl typhoid,
Honduras
Information received on 27/12/2020 from Dr Rafael Enrique Rodriguez Alvarado, Jefe Departamento Epidemiologia Salud Animal, Subdireccion Tecnica de Salud Animal del Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (SENASA), Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderķa, TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 02/12/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 10/12/2020
Report date 27/12/2020
Date submitted to OIE 27/12/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 16/07/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Salmonella Gallinarum
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 San Isidro, San Isidro, Siguatepeque , Comayagua
Date of start of the outbreak 02/12/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 95106 1812 1812 10639
Affected population Heavy breeder hens on a multi-age farm
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 95106 1812 1812 10639
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 1.91% 1.91% 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Under the passive epidemiological surveillance system for poultry diseases, mortality was reported in heavy breeders on a multi-age farm; poultry showed clinical signs and lesions consistent with fowl typhoid (Salmonella Gallinarum). Routine bacteriological and relevant biochemical tests were performed, and Salmonella Gallinarum was diagnosed on 10th December 2020. The affected farm has been quarantined and farms in the area are subject to epidemiological surveillance with restrictions on bird movement and continuous surveillance by sampling. Disease presence has not been detected during investigations in the 10 km radius zone around the outbreak nor in farms epidemiologically linked to the affected farm; therefore, disease presence is restricted to the affected farm.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Honduran Institute of Medical and Veterinary Research (National laboratory) Birds bacteriological examination 10/12/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations