Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Information received on 04/01/2021 from Dr Christianne Bruschke, Chief Veterinary Officer , Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, The Hague, Netherlands
Report type Follow-up report No. 9
Date of start of the event 17/10/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 20/10/2020
Report date 04/01/2021
Date submitted to OIE 04/01/2021
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 28/09/2018
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (23/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (07/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (13/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (17/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 4 (27/11/2020)
Follow-up report No. 5 (07/12/2020)
Follow-up report No. 6 (09/12/2020)
Follow-up report No. 7 (14/12/2020)
Follow-up report No. 8 (23/12/2020)
Follow-up report No. 9 (04/01/2021)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Ingen, Gelderland
Date of start of the outbreak 27/12/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Muscovy Duck:Cairina moschata(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Affected population On December 27th of December 2 Muscovy Ducks (Cairina moschata) were found dead in a wetland area. On December 31th the National Reference Laboratory confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza subtype H5N8 in the samples of the Muscovy Ducks
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Muscovy Duck:Cairina moschata(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Muscovy Duck:Cairina moschata(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research Lelystad (National laboratory) Muscovy Duck polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 31/12/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations