Foot and mouth disease,
Namibia
Information received on 05/01/2021 from Dr Albertina Shilongo, Acting Chief Veterinary Officer, ivision of Epidemiology, Import/Export Control and Training, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 2
Date of start of the event 25/09/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 28/09/2020
Report date 05/01/2021
Date submitted to OIE 05/01/2021
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 12/02/2020
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype SAT 2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (06/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (29/10/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (05/01/2021)
Follow-up report No. 3 (20/01/2021)
New outbreaks (5)
Outbreak 1 Kapako, Kapako, Nkurenkuru, Kavango West
Date of start of the outbreak 12/11/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2750 53 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 Musese, Musese, Nkurenkuru, Kavango West
Date of start of the outbreak 20/11/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1248 38 0 0 0
Outbreak 3 Kakuwa, Mpungu, Nkurenkuru, Kavango West
Date of start of the outbreak 08/12/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 350 6 0 0 0
Outbreak 4 Ombambi, Okongo, Eenhanha, Ohangwena
Date of start of the outbreak 27/12/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 36 3 0 0 0
Outbreak 5 Onamulunga, Olukonda, Omuthiya, Oshikoto
Date of start of the outbreak 28/12/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 400 2 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 5
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 4784 102 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 2.13% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Process to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle Non-structural protein ELISA 31/12/2020 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 29/12/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations