Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
United States of America
Information received on 13/06/2005 from Mr Peter Fernandez, Head, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins, CO, United States of America
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 27/05/2005
Date of confirmation of the event 07/06/2005
Report date 13/06/2005
Date submitted to OIE 13/06/2005
Date event resolved 23/06/2005
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 21/08/2001
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent calicivirus
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (13/06/2005)
Follow-up report No. 1 (07/07/2005)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Evansville, Vanderburgh, Indiana
Date of start of the outbreak 27/05/2005
Outbreak status Resolved (23/06/2005)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 200 96 96 104 0
Affected population The premises is a private residence that maintains and sells rabbits to private citizens as a food source for their pet snakes. Occasionally a rabbit may be sold as a pet to the general public.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 200 96 96 104 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Rabbits 48.00% 48.00% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments A Foreigh Animal Disease investigation was initiated on 3 June 2005 on a premises that raises rabbits primarily for sale to reptile owners as a food source for their pet snakes. Approximately 40 rabbits had died during the 10 days prior to the investigation.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Quarantine
  • Stamping out
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
FADD Laboratory, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, New York (National laboratory) Rabbits electron microscopy 07/06/2005 Positive
FADD Laboratory, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, New York (National laboratory) Rabbits polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 07/06/2005 Positive
Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic (FADD) Laboratory, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, New York (National laboratory) Rabbits enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 07/06/2005 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations