Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
Australia
Information received on 28/03/2017 from Dr Mark Schipp, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, Australian Government, Canberra, Australia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 14/03/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 14/03/2017
Report date 27/03/2017
Date submitted to OIE 28/03/2017
Date event resolved 27/03/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus 1, strain K5
Serotype RHDV
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Canberra, Australian Capital Terr
Date of start of the outbreak 14/03/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
European Rabbit:Oryctolagus cuniculus(Leporidae) 1 1
Affected population Single dead rabbit found near RHDV1 K5 release site on the outskirts of Canberra.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
European Rabbit:Oryctolagus cuniculus(Leporidae) 1 1
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
European Rabbit:Oryctolagus cuniculus(Leporidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Released as biological control agent
Epidemiological comments Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus 1, strain K5 was released in all jurisdictions throughout Australia, as a biological control agent, in the first week of March 2017. This case is the first reported case following the release of this strain of RHDV1, which is now considered endemic throughout the country.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
CSIRO, Black Mountain, Canberra (National laboratory) European Rabbit polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 14/03/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations