Postweaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome (PMWS),
Georgia
Information received on 18/05/2007 from Dr. Levan Ramishvili, Chairman of the Veterinary Union , Veterinary Union , Ministry of Agriculture , Tbilisi, Georgia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 22/04/2007
Date of confirmation of the event 10/05/2007
Report date 17/05/2007
Date submitted to OIE 18/05/2007
Date event resolved 01/11/2007
Reason for notification Emerging disease
Morbidity 3 (scale 0 to 5)
Mortality 0 (scale 0 to 5)
Zoonotic impact No
Causal agent Porcine circovirus type 2
Serotype Other
Related reports Immediate notification (17/05/2007)
Follow-up report No. 1 (03/03/2009)
New outbreaks (5)
Outbreak 1 Lanchkhuti, Lanchkhuti, Guria
Date of start of the outbreak 22/04/2007
Outbreak status Resolved (01/11/2007)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak 2 Zugdidi, Zugdidi, Samegrelo - Zemo Svaneti
Date of start of the outbreak 26/04/2007
Outbreak status Resolved (01/11/2007)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak 3 Chokhatauri, Chokhatauri, Guria
Date of start of the outbreak 30/04/2007
Outbreak status Resolved (01/11/2007)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak 4 Senaki, Senaki, Samegrelo - Zemo Svaneti
Date of start of the outbreak 08/05/2007
Outbreak status Resolved (01/11/2007)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Outbreak 5 Abasha, Abasha, Samegrelo - Zemo Svaneti
Date of start of the outbreak 10/05/2007
Outbreak status Resolved (01/11/2007)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 5
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine **
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine ** ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Pathological material from 150 animals was tested in the laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture of Georgia. Agents of secondary bacterial infections (Pasteurellosis, erysipelas, salmonellosis) were detected. The presence of African swine fever and Classical swine fever was excluded. Around 3000 suspected pigs were destroyed. Animals were in villages and private farms.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Dipping / Spraying for control of vectors or parasites
  • Quarantine
  • Stamping out
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Scientific Research Veterinary Institute, Agrarian University of Ukraine, Kiev (National laboratory) Swine reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/05/2007 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations